Business and industry-related information.

3D rendering, design, media, and technology news.

It was brought to my attention yesterday that my LunarStudio website was being cut-off at the top of one user’s browser. Of course, I’m always concerned whenever someone experiences issues and experience the feedback – it can mean a less pleasing end-user’s experience as well as a loss in business. However, there can also be a number of reason’s why something goes wrong or looks incorrect on an end-user’s end and not necessarily and fault of my own.

In this particular case, it was the simple fact that the user was viewing my website at less than 1024×768 resolution on his monitor. LunarStudio isn’t designed currently for viewing anything less than 1280×960. Some might call this a mistake or a bad judgment, but I can ensure you that it is intentional.

There used to be a point in time around 2000-2002 when I designed all of my websites to fit the 800×600 website standard which was the most frequently used resolution. It was general and safe practice for any web designer to do so. I also made sure that most of my images tried to conform to a 256-color palette. This was because most people were just becoming accustomed to using computers for home use, they were running on much slower connections, used older browsers, older operating systems, older (and much more expensive) monitors, their computing power was limited, and they were running slow graphics processors (if any at all.) Quite frankly, designing for those standards was very limiting as well as a royal pain in the ass.

Now that it’s 10 years later, computing technology has come a long ways – people are running on faster connections as well as faster computers. They generally have much larger and less expensive LCDs. Most of us have the latest browsers and operating systems.

With the current version of LunarStudio, I redesigned it with forward-thinking in mind versus a legacy mentality. I don’t have the time to think of the worst-case or even average viewing scenario and frankly really can’t be driven to care unless I’m getting paid to do so. The way I figure it is that if a person is having problems viewing my website, then there’s a chance that they are somewhat computer illiterate, and this might make a working situation tenuous at best – they’re simply trying to jump from an era of driving a horse and buggy to driving the latest Ferrari. I hope that this isn’t taken as being rude or condescending – I’m just merely stating that a user needs to get with the times or risk becoming a thing of the past.

That being said, here are some statistics which may be of interest:

Screen Resolution and Colors:

As of 2011, 85% of all users view websites at a resolution greater than 1024×768 and the rate keeps climbing.

As of 2011,  97% of all users have a color-depth of over 16 million colors.

Browsers:

Internet Explorer: 22.9% total. IE9: 4.8%. IE8: 12.4%. IE7: 3.9%. IE6: 1.8%.

Firefox: 39.7% total. FF7: 1.5%. FF6: 22.2%. FF5: 3.1%. FF4: 2.2%. FF3: 9%.

Chrome: 30.5% total. C15: 0.7%. C14: 11.2%. C13: 16%. C12: 1.1%.

Safari: 4.0% total. S5: 3.8%. S4: 0.2%.

Opera: 2.2% total. O11: 1.7%. O10: 0.1%.

Other browsers: 0.7% total.

Operating Systems:

Windows 7: 42.2%.

Windows Vista: 5.6%.

Windows 2003: 0.8%.

Windows XP: 36.2%.

Linux: 5.1%.

Mac: 8.6%.

Mobile: 0.9%.

Sources:

Display Display Statistics.

Browser Statistics.

Operating Systems.

My Website Captures:

I use a handy tool called browsercam (discontinued) when it comes to capturing how my website should look across browsers, resolutions, and operating systems.

Here are some links to how the LunarStudio website looks across various setups:

***Old site discontinued.***

 

This doesn’t include every variation. This just gives me a general idea as to how my website looks to that 15% of the population that I don’t really target.

Summary:

I think the most frightening thing about the statistics listed above is that 36% of the population is still running on Windows XP followed by a 5.6% on Vista which just blows my mind. The majority use browsers generally dated one version back – seeing that browsers are routinely updated, I shouldn’t have to worry so much about people using older browsers to view my content. Beyond that, the clear majority run high enough resolutions and color-depths to support the current LunarStudio website.

Designing for the lowest common denominator when it comes to websites is a risk any designer or company takes. Frankly, I think if you’re planning on designing a website and you want it to be modern, it may not be worth maximizing revenue based solely on a target market that is outdated. If website design was my full-time job, I might consider that 15%, but for now, it’s not something I’m going to concern myself with.

3D rendering, design, media, and technology news.

Over the past few years, the US economy has taken a severe beating leaving millions of Americans struggling to find employment and forcing others to be cautious in their spending habits. As a result of this climate of economic uncertainty, people have been quick to point their fingers at what they perceive as the source of their problems but very few are offering up effective and valid solutions to help solve this problem. In order to wrap our arms around this major issue, we need to first diagnose the issues that created this problem in the first place in order for it to not happen again.

Catalysts and Causes

  1. Oil price spikes in 2008. With prices surging over $100 US/barrel, this sent US consumers and businesses into a state of shock. People almost doubled their expenses at the pump – filling up a SUV that would have normally cost around $40, suddenly pushed $80. While $40 may not seem like much to some people, for others that added up to an extra $160/month which would cut into their groceries, mortgages, savings, and other expenditures. To add to this, the price of transporting goods and resources increased which further impacted consumers. Many politicians argue that the wars in the Middle East as well as some of their governments were to blame for the sharp rise in oil prices, however I firmly believe that the issue had mostly to do with the commodities market spinning out of control and unregulated. At the time, I was actively involved in day-trading ETF commodities and witnessed the effects first-hand during my trading sessions. In my opinion, this is the catalyst which started the current downward spiral.
  2. Intentional loop-hole in midsize vehicle purchases (tax write-offs) under the Bush administration which caused a rush of business owners to purchase large vehicles, which they in turn ended up paying at the pump during the oil price spikes of 2008. “Ironically”, both President Bush and Vice President Cheney (CEO & Chairman of Halliburton) both had significant ties to the oil industry.
  3. Faulty underwriting/predatory lending of major mortgage lenders. Simply explained, the large lenders and banks in the United States let smaller lenders partially take over mortgages on homeowners that were not creditworthy. When the homeowners couldn’t make payments, smaller lenders got into financial trouble. Some of the major lenders weathered the storm, but a lot of the smaller companies went under.
  4. Faulty credit leading to a worsening situation. Part of the above issue, homeowners that did not have a solid track-record of credit were sold homes, then quite often found themselves unable to pay their mortgages.
  5. Home value depreciation. People’s homes are worth less now as a result of the above. People can’t refinance as a result, and hence they are spending less money in the market.
  6. Bank lending practices. I work with a lot of major real estate developers in my main line of business. One of the most common complaints is that the banks will not lend out money unless a significant amount of cash is put down. They simply don’t want to take risks in this economy. As a result, these developers are not developing new properties which in turn affects people in the construction industry, retailers, etc.
  7. The cost of two separate wars. I’m not here to argue the reasons for going to war or to debate their necessity, but I’m simply pointing out the trillions of dollars spent which have affected taxpayers and other avenues of government spending.
  8. The cost of Homeland Security, something which even Congress is still debating (somehow.)
  9. Large corporate tax breaks. The theory behind this is that if business owners are given significant tax breaks, that this would lead to employment gains. Employment simply didn’t gain during the Bush administration, and a lot of major companies continued to offshore their work and manufacturing processes where labor is cheaper.
  10. Wealthiest American tax breaks. Some people argue that the wealthiest percentage of Americans pay proportionately smaller amounts of income towards taxes and that it’s unfair.
  11. Outsourcing work and accountability. It’s very simple math – it’s cheaper for companies to send their work overseas. Compared to 10 years ago, the Internet has now enabled us to do so more readily and easily. A lot of the money that is being sent overseas feeds other countries economies, but does little to help our own. The money that is sent overseas is spent overseas and doesn’t return. We may in-turn receive cheaper goods, but since there’s less people employed in our own country, very few people are left here that are capable to buy the goods that are imported. Outsourcing has affected numerous areas of customer service and manufacturing and has lead to significant job losses in high-tech fields. The flow of work and money overseas is largely unaccounted for.
In order to stop further erosion, we need to act immediately in tackling the issues listed above.

Solutions

  1. Commodities should be made unavailable in ETFs (Exchange-Traded Funds.) Trading commodities at one point required special licensing and fees to get into this area of trading. ETFs allowed ordinary people to suddenly enter the once privileged field of commodities, and basically gamble with that portion of the market which has lead to instabilities.
  2. It’s just a bad idea all-around to give breaks to people and corporations on vehicles which are largely inefficient financially and environmentally unfriendly. It only benefits the people controlling the pumps and does more damage to the society as a whole. It was only a temporary solution to a much larger problem that ended up coming back for us. On the other hand, breaks should be given to those who purchase fuel-efficient vehicles. This actually helps stimulate advancement in technologies as well as putting money back into people’s pocket-books (versus just a few.)
  3. Creditworthiness has to be highly regulated. You can’t expect large corporations to regulate themselves, but legalized loan-sharking has to be moderating by an independent organization such as the government.
  4. Faulty credit is part of the above issue.
  5. Home values will only increase if these other issues are addressed.
  6. Banks need to start assuming risks again. While no agency can enforce them to, they can be provided with incentives to do so. I don’t like the idea of providing incentives, but rather addressing the other solutions listed here first and this will eventually follow.
  7. One war in Iraq has largely ended during the Obama administration. This is a huge reduction in government expenditures. If we could somehow reduce troops in Afghanistan, this would further stimulate our economy. At the same time, we still need to be cautious and weigh that our homeland is secure.
  8. The costs of Homeland Security might be one area that we have to live with moving forward. I think there’s valid issues concerning efficiency in Homeland Security which can and should be addressed. Being able to pull resources out of Afghanistan and Iraq should more than support this agency.
  9. To be completely honest, I think large corporate tax breaks is one of the smaller portions of the problems at-hand. I think even if the rates were raised, that would help but it wouldn’t solve all of our current issues.
  10. While I think people can always contribute a larger share to society, I disagree with Warren Buffett in that I think by raising taxes across the wealthiest Americans, it might help a little but it’s still not going to solve our current economic issues. Even among the wealthiest Americans, I think an increase in taxes might only make a small dent. It’s more important to address some of these other issues first and foremost.
  11. I believe that the majority of our current issues stems from unregulated work, technology, and money flowing overseas. Unless a politician or an individual has been directly involved in the process of outsourcing, I think it’s hard to imagine the astronomical amount of money and work that is going towards other countries currently. Part of the issue is regulation and monitoring – there’s simply little in place to see how finances are being transferred. It’s not just large corporations that are doing this, but rather millions of individuals and small businesses which are participating. I have spoken with fellow artists, architects, developers, real estate agents, small game companies, shoe manufacturers, programmers, printers, and publishers – all of whom have sent work to other countries recently in order to stay competitive here in the United States. It’s a really big problem where the focus is less on quality, and more on mediocrity if it means significant savings. For every $20,000 I send to another country (which can be easily done), that’s one person that could have been employed here within our own country. Now multiply my amount to millions of small business owners and ever larger corporations, and that is a big source of our financial drain. I’ve even suffered job loss due to this. If the US government can work out a system which provides better accountability and outsourcing moderation, I firmly believe that this would help solve a lot of our own current issues.
As some of you are aware, I’m not an economist. I’m just a small business owner on the front lines of the housing and construction industry who happens to know technology fairly well. I have spoken with some of the wealthiest and most influential people in this this country on a frequent basis, and have come to my opinions in having many of these first-hand discussions with other business owners. I don’t claim to know it all and perhaps I’m misinformed on some of my views – I would like to be corrected when I’m wrong. An argument in my favor is that even the economists and politicians can’t even agree on how to solve these issues, otherwise we would have already been seeing a marked improvement in employment. The only thing I can try to do is to provide some constructive criticism by pointing people in the right direction and hope that this article sparks further discussion. The issue at-hand is multifaceted – there’s no “one button fix” or solution to these economic issues. At the same time, we can’t always realistically expect something to get better overnight – it generally takes time. However, these issues need to be addressed at some point or another otherwise we risk a worsening or a repeat of this down the road.
3D rendering, design, media, and technology news.

Something worth noting for people looking for website hosting is that my host, MediaTemple just announced that they partnered up with CloudFlare. CloudFlare is a CDN, or Content Delivery Network. A CDN works by taking “clones” of your website, and copying them to various locations/servers around the country and in some cases around the world. So instead of having one location that everyone goes to when surfing, website content is served up to your computer from the nearest location. Essentially, it translates into increased speed.

100 milliseconds of waiting doesn’t sound like a lot, but there’s been a lot of studies and statistics surrounding people’s browsing habits. Some studies have claimed that a 100 millisecond wait translates into a 2% visitor loss, and the number increases exponentially as people have to wait longer. From a business perspective, 2% is a pretty big loss. If you can reduce that wait as CloudFlare claims to do (and I’m sure it works), this means people will stick around longer.

Secondly, Google announced last year that they were going to start factoring in website page load times into their ranking algorithm. So the faster your page loads, then that should help your website obtain more traffic in return. It only makes sense that this is one factor in determining a website’s quality. So if you implement a CDN, you will probably see a greater return in traffic as a result.

My blogs are running on MediaTemple and I’m using MaxCDN as my CDN. I pay an annual rate for this extra performance service, but now that the CloudFlare basic plan is free, I’m considering canceling my paid service.

The installation for CloudFlare on MediaTemple is pretty quick and takes less than 5 minutes. It’s just a simple matter of registering, clicking a few “next” buttons, then waiting 12-24 hours for everything to populate. I set it up this morning, and by this time tomorrow it should be working. It will be interesting to see how well it works.

3D rendering, design, media, and technology news.

Something worth considering is the availability of the Internet to US homes, and whether or not the government should take part in providing accessibility to every resident in the United States. While we can look towards countries such as Japan and South Korea as role models in this area of technology (everyone has access to the Internet there), the US has some major obstacles to overcome in order to have this implemented. Some of these obstacles are people-based, geographical, technological, educational, financial, government-sanctioned monopolies, and political.

From a recent article concerning the FCC’s standpoint at 247wallst.com:

The FCC maintains that access to high-speed internet is not merely a convenience, but essential to provide a fair chance at a job and an education, as well as to run a successful business. In a report released last year, the FCC maintained, “approximately 26 million Americans, mostly in rural communities located in every region of the country, are denied access to the jobs and economic opportunity made possible by broadband.” In mid-August, the USDA announced the provision of $103 million in federal funds in 16 states to help develop broadband networks in rural communities. This is the latest in a series of efforts by the government to provide installation and discounts for families, schools and small businesses. –Ten States that Can’t Get Online./

This basically summarizes my views as to the usefulness of the Internet, and how not having it impacts the general welfare of our society. I don’t think many people would disagree that it’s an important resource tool – much like the US public library system but better – more convenient and less costly to maintain. It’s an essential part of business and education at this point, and one we cannot choose to ignore. The main question we face is whether or not the Internet should become a “right” – that is for everyone in this country to have some level of “free” access to it. I would also go one step further and say that it’s not just the people in rural communities that suffer from a lack of access, it’s also a portion of the population within major cities as well.

Here are some of the obstacles our country faces in rolling out a nationwide Internet system run by the government:

People-based Obstacles

Ultimately, laying Internet cable requires manpower. There’s simply no getting around this fact. However, in this economy, I don’t there’s any shortage of people looking for work. I would have to say that the problem has more to do with bureaucracy – politicians and government officials often take their time when it comes to issues. The main problem here is that there’s a certain amount of trepidation and laziness involved in trying to get things accomplished, and dealing with stubborn people like that only tends to compound this issue.

Geographical Obstacles

Most of the areas that lack easy access to the Internet are largely inaccessible due to geographical boundaries. You might have a home or a town in the middle of farm country or surrounded by mountains. Laying cable through these areas is going to be costly. Sending wireless signals via towers presents its own technical hurdles. It also brings up the question as to whether or not the expenditures are worth serving just a few people in some remote area.

The other issue involved is one of geographical comparison. It’s not fair for us to compare other countries which have nation-wide access when they are the size of one or two US States. It’s definitely going to be easier for them to implement and maintain a nationwide program since their areas of coverage are often smaller.

At the very least, it could be argued that people within major metropolitan areas should have basic coverage.

Technological Obstacles

We have the technology to accomplish connecting remote communities, but the quality may not be the greatest. When it comes to wireless, it’s just like a cellphone signal – you’re going to have areas that are inaccessible or the quality is weak. If the technologies related to signals or satellite information were to improve, this could improve accessibility and also lower costs. However, in order to make this spoke of the wheel turn, companies and the government need to continually invest in research and development.

As for cable, I’ve heard plenty of stories where a cable company doesn’t want to stretch a line down a mile of driveway for free. They often tell the homeowner that they need to pay for the costs, or get the community to chip-in. There’s still other options such as the old dial up modems, satellite, and DSL. All of these technologies have to be an option for a nation-wide system to work.

Educational Obstacles

If someone doesn’t use the Internet, then there’s a good chance they don’t understand what they are missing out on. Even if someone does use it, there’s a good chance that they don’t fully understand the capabilities and possibilities. I would say that latter encompasses the majority of all politicians within the US. I hate to play the age-card, but the older a person is (and most politicians are middle-aged or older), often the less in touch they are with newer technological trends – it’s a combination of accessibility, priorities, health, and education that factors into it. Politicians are often too busy trying to get elected or passing laws, that they hardly hop on the Internet other than to check Facebook statuses, emails, and to buy the occasional pair of new shoes. To me, that’s not understanding the Internet, but using one very narrow portion to get a few things done – this is about as accomplished as walking into a store or turning on a television and nothing beyond that.

There’s also a human cost – do we allow people easier access to educational and financial resources? Higher education often translates into lower crime rates. In a global economy, a higher level of education helps build the communities around us so that we are stronger and more prepared in case of emergencies. I think the financial and business impact is self-explanatory, so I won’t go into further detail here.

Financial Obstacles

Costs are going to be high – there’s no getting around it. But the way to look at it is that it’s an initial outlay of costs and each subsequent repair or upgrade to the system should progressively inexpensive as time goes on. The system should also be a lot easier to maintain than our nation’s bridges and highway system.

People are always going to complain as to how something of this nature impacts their taxes. They’re often more focused on their short-term gain, versus something which could negatively impact themselves and their children several years later. It’s a very narrow-minded approach – similar to putting a bandage on a large open wound versus getting appropriate medical care.

In order to solve part of this issue, I think the Internet speeds need to be metered. If people want to, they can pay extra for higher speeds and larger downloads, but at the very least, everyone should have basic access to it. Whether or not that’s provided through government or corporations, that’s something they can work out together.

Government-Sanctioned Monopolies

When Cable Internet first came to my area, I talked with a few technicians who were working on my street. I asked a couple of them, “what took so long?” They explained to me that the cable lines are run by the companies, but the space is rented out by the town for a period of years. The various cable companies bid to have access to this space and in turn promise to maintain it. Even if two companies are providing Cable Internet service, only one company can get into an area due to this allocation of space and time, so it essentially forms a government sanctioned monopoly.

Due to this long drawn-out process, cable companies are afraid to make some technological advances in the area unless there’s some sort of guarantee that they will have it for a long period of time. Even then, the selected company might think their service is “adequate enough”, so they may not have any drive to improve upon their services even if a competitor has a better offering but is prevented from operating. This can lead to much higher prices and profiteering, and in the end, the user has no choice but to use them because there’s no alternative. It’s something that all of us experience, but most often don’t understand. We often think that these cable companies are being capitalistic, but in essence they are operating much like a monopoly.

It’s true that other companies have developed and offered alternative services such as DSL and satellite, but most of them have had to because they don’t have any choice when it comes to the way towns operate.

The system is very similar to the way land-line phone carriers operate – generally you could only get one telephone carrier in an area. Same with cable television, gas, and electric. When higher-speed Internet came about, it followed the same rules which in many ways is ineffective.

If these cable providers are to continue to operate, there needs to be a tiered approach. First there needs to be basic government access to all. The government will probably have to compensate them for some of their infrastructure maintenance and enhancements, or the government needs to create a new organization within Public Works that handles these issues. The basic connection doesn’t have to be fast, but it needs to be available. Secondly, the cable companies could provide a better offering that costs consumers. Either way, I believe there needs to be some basic level of access for everyone and there also needs to be competition in order to promote technological advancement.

Political Obstacles

I’ve mentioned politics in several areas above, mostly because all of the above are intertwined issues. Voters tend to drive decision-making processes through their elected officials, however voters are not necessarily always the sharpest tools in the shed. The average user understands the basics, and is often slow to adapt to newer technological trends. They don’t always understand the intricacies of an issue, nor the potential impact a decision might have. Most people are concerned with the immediate problem of putting food on the table, and not what’s going to happen five years from now. I’m not trying to put anyone down, but this is just the way society and human nature generally tends to work.

Just like all politics, politicians generally try to cater to what the people want. The politicians themselves might not even be well-informed. Instead of doing what would be considered unpopular and right, they’ll do something popular and short-sighted so that they don’t look bad.  As a result, or laws and society is slow to adapt and change, even if it’s a positive change for our own well-being and survival.

If a politician even dares mention this, there’s a good chance they will be attacked and labeled for it. I’m positive people will call it a form of socialism. The ironic thing is that I don’t think anyone within the US thinks that countries such as South Korea and Japan are socialists. It’s just a method of name calling – a scare tactic.

This whole argument goes back to education. The only way we can move forward is by discussing issues such as this, and weighing the potential positives and negatives.

In Summary

If you read this article, I think you could easily guess where I stand. I’m very much in favor of having a system in place in which everyone can have some level of basic access to the Internet. Internet access should become a basic right that ties in with education – much like water and electricity should be for the general well-being of our society. The only way to get this accomplished is to take out the component of greed in this equation and letting the government work on this system – much like how our nation’s system of “socialist” highways was rolled out over 50 years ago (which ironically, no one complains about.) I think I’ve described the problem with the current system and how capitalism isn’t effective in certain situations (see the Government Sanctioned Monopolies section above.)

Of course, I always enjoy hearing other people’s opinions on the matter. There’s always a possibility that I could be swayed into thinking differently.

Visitor Statistics.

After another week of going through code, I’ve update the lunarstudio.com website to incorporate additional HTML5 valid syntax. By doing so, I hope to increase future compatibility across browsers, speed up the page load times, and make it easier to make future updates and revisions. If anyone reads this article, I hope that you can take a quick look at the website and let me know if it works and looks okay. I’m only one person working on the site, and it’s difficult for me to test the site across operating systems and and dozens of web browsers while maintaining my day job. Website design can truly be a full-time job when done properly.

Below is a screenshot of my LunarStudio Analytics Browsers:

Browser Statistics.

Browser Statistics

Just to note: the above screenshot isn’t thorough. Some browser statistic programs/scripts will break down the different versions of let’s say Internet Explorer. You might be surprised how many people are still using older versions like Internet Explorer 5 (the current is IE9) which might cause some websites such as mine to bug out. I just tried pulling up Urchin to show you, but for whatever reason, my host (Mediatemple) turned it off. :(

The older version of the LunarStudio website was designed many years ago using HTML tables. At the time, tables were just starting to fall out of favor with the W3C specifications and CSS was starting to become more commonplace. The problem with CSS was that it was often hard to develop more complex website designs with it, so some designers (such as myself) kept with using traditional HTML tables. I am still puzzled as to why HTML tables are now deprecated – to me they were (and still are) very intuitive. Anyways, tables on my main site are now a thing of the past and I managed to figure out how to redesign the site with almost pure CSS.

Another item worth mentioning is the LunarStudio design itself. I wanted a website a long time ago that was perfectly centered on page which was uncommon at the time – both vertically and horizontally. It’s not uncommon to visit a blog these days and see that it is centered across your browser horizontally. Most of the few designers who did achieve the centering effect back then had done so through Flash (which was quite frankly a pain.) I managed to achieve the effect through some code trickery and table usage. Since that time, overall page centering on websites has become more commonplace, and I don’t think LunarStudio reads as “revolutionary” as a design as it once did, but I still like my own design, and if it’s not broke, I don’t see the purpose in fixing that portion. I’m pretty happy (and a bit surprised) that I managed to be able to keep the overall look and feel using CSS instead.

Additionally, I’ve gutted most of the JavaScript and replaced it with pure CSS opacity hovers. The only JavaScript I kept was the Lightview/Lightbox thumbnail image popups as well as some Google-related Analytics and newer + code (which ironically doesn’t validate properly.) I didn’t like how my previous preloads and hover states worked.  I wasn’t sure how the two states of thumbnails (on and off) were being read by image searches on the search engines. Hopefully, all of the above has been addressed and will be in a better state than before. Because my website is image heavy, they were dumping an additional 200 kb per page onto visitors, and this could have been made more efficient. These days, most people have higher speed connections than the older 56k dialup, but pageload times still factor into whether or not visitors stay on your page, or navigate away. There’s still some pretty scary statistics as to how long the average visitor stays depending on these load times.

Here’s an Analytics screenshot of my current visitors stay duration:

Visitor Statistics.

Visitor Statistics.

The only thing I have left and wish to fix/update that I haven’t been able to is the animations section. HTML5 uses the new ‘Video’ element, and I wasn’t able to convert the preexisting Flash .swf animations over to it. The Video element is still relatively new, so encoding older material (especially interactive material) over to it will be tricky for some time to come.